The diaphragm (vaginal pessary) is one of the contraceptive methods for women that protects against pregnancy but not against sexually transmitted diseases. Proper handling requires some practice.
The diaphragm is placed over the cervix before intercourse and prevents sperm from entering the uterus. Since there are different sizes of silicone membranes, you must have your gynecologist determine which one is right for you. Then you can simply buy your diaphragm in the pharmacy – it lasts for about two years.
How to correctly use the diaphragm
Always use the vaginal pessary in conjunction with spermicides that kill sperm: apply the agents to both sides and to the edges of the membrane. Insert at least ten minutes and no more than two hours before intercourse. Make sure you wash your hands before doing this. Pinch the edges of the diaphragm and insert it into the vagina. When you let go, the rim springs back up and the membrane covers the cervix.
Push it further back until it fits into a niche behind the pubic bone. Before sexual intercourse, check the fit of the vaginal pessary by feeling the cervix through the membrane. If you can’t feel it, it’s an accurate fit. After intercourse, the diaphragm should remain in the vagina for between eight and 24 hours to ensure optimal contraceptive protection: then you can be sure that the spermicide has killed all sperm.
To remove the diaphragm, grasp the front edge with your index finger. Then clean it thoroughly with mild soap and lukewarm water. Let it dry completely before storing it in its case.
Contraception is quite safe with the correct use of the vaginal pest with spermicides.